Sodium and Potassium Imbalance Can Cause Hypertension
by Alvin Hopkinson

How Sodium and Potassium Imbalance Causes Hypertension

Sodium and potassium are two important electrolyte nutrients that the body uses for
proper nerve functions, energy production, cell renewal, and many other bodily

Salt, whose chemical composition is sodium chloride, is the main source of sodium. It
is broken down as sodium and chloride during the body's metabolic processes. Water
that is not distilled also contains salt hence; water is also a source of sodium and
chloride ions.

Our body cells are said to contain fluids composed of several minerals, which includes
sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium, and chloride. As studies in science have
already determined, there must be a proper balance between the sodium and
potassium minerals contained in every cell, for the body cells to function properly.

Some of the important cell functions attributed to sodium and potassium balance are:

• The production of acid and digestive enzymes used to break down food to provide
energy for the body;

• To enable the nerves to react in terms of impulse reactions to external factors such
as heat, cold, or pain felt by the body;

• To enable the heart or cardiovascular system to function properly;

Any deficiency in sodium or potassium does not result to life threatening issues, but
any serious distortion or disproportion with the amount of potassium as against
sodium, creates complications often resulting to heart attacks.

Imbalance results not out of potassium or sodium deficiency but mostly due to
excessive sodium. Potassium deficiency on the other hand may arise from unhealthy
fad diets.

When there is too much sodium in the body fluids, the kidney takes on its natural role
of excreting unused or unwanted substances like sodium. However, if the amount of
sodium being excreted by the kidney is beyond the kidney's normal capacity, the
problem will now arise.

Near the kidney is a vascular system or fluid carrying vessels which carry the
excessive sodium and will constrict or close itself to blood flow if the kidney is slow in
taking out the sodium it carries. The vascular system closes in order to increase the
blood pressure near the kidney, which creates a push or force that will prod the
kidney to remove the excess sodium.

Although this is a natural process, it is not a normal occurrence and may cause blood
pressure to rise at a dangerous level if it will not be addressed in due time. It can be
remedied by increasing fluid intakes so the kidney can have enough water to excrete
sodium. The sodium excretion may have been resolved but there is now the elevated
blood pressure that needs to be dealt with.

The matter of controlling elevated blood pressure on the other hand can be remedied
by using diuretic methods. The kidney took in a lot of water in order to excrete the
sodium out of the system. To aid the kidney in producing more urine, a diuretic
substance that can induce the kidney to produce more urine will be recommended by
the doctor.

However, diuretics may also cause the kidney to excrete potassium, hence the
doctor will also prescribe a potassium supplement to avoid the possible occurrence of
sodium to potassium imbalance.

Thus, the body can naturally control blood pressure by drinking more water and
taking in dietary substances that can promote the process of diuretics and take care
of replenishing lost potassium. This then prevents sodium and potassium imbalance
that can cause hypertension.

About The Author

Alvin Hopkinson is a leading health researcher in the area of natural remedies and
. Discover how you can get rid of your high blood
pressure for good using proven and effective home remedies, all without using
harmful medications or drugs. Visit his site now at
People develop hypertension or
high-blood pressure for several
reasons. It may be in the genes or
due to a kidney disorder as well as
stress related factors. The most
common causes however are due to
dietary intakes that result to
excessive salt in our body. Excessive
salt intakes will result to an imbalance
between sodium and potassium that
causes hypertension in our body.

Excessive salt is quite easy to
understand, but as to how sodium
and potassium imbalance causes
hypertension seems a bit more
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