What is the Difference Between ADD and ADHD?
by Dr. Yannick Pauli
ADD - attention deficit disorder - to describe symptoms of inattention, spaciness, and
lack of focus that affect some children. The term ADD was put on the Diagnostic and
Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders version 3, which is the diagnostic manual for
mental diseases. However, when this edition was revised in 1987, ADD became
ADHD or attention deficit hyperactive disorder.

When ADD became ADHD, the disorder was broken down into three subtypes.

The first type is called ADHD Inattentive Type without Hyperactivity, which is what the
term ADD used to refer to. Children and adults diagnosed with ADHD inattentive type
often exhibit symptoms that indicate an inability to sustain their attention and do
tasks that require a certain amount of concentration and focus. As a result, they may
get very poor grades in school. They also seem to spend a lot of time daydreaming
and it takes a while before anyone can bring them back down to earth. It is more
difficult to spot children with ADHD Inattentive Type as their behavior can be easily
misdiagnosed as learning disabilities or as extreme shyness. Sometimes, those with
ADHD Inattentive Type remain undiagnosed until they reach their teens or twenties
and start exhibiting emotional problems like depression and anxiety.

The second type is called ADHD Hyperactive-Impulsive Type. This type of ADHD is
often diagnosed in very young children because the symptoms are more obvious.
Hyperactive-impulsive types are children who are very fidgety when made to sit still,
and are always running around as though driven by a motor. They also seem to have
a problem waiting their turn and constantly interrupt people who talk or intrude in
games. Studies reveal that boys are more susceptible to ADHD
Hyperactive-Impulsive type than girls.

The third type of ADHD is the Combined Type and the most complicated type of the
three. An individual suffering from the Combined Type experiences a cocktail of all
three core symptoms, as well as other complications like poor social skills and
learning problems in school.

The different types of ADHD have two very interesting implications. First, the
differences show that ADHD is caused by a complex interaction of biological factors
and environmental factors; it is not a simple matter of chemical imbalance as
western medicine would lead you to believe. Secondly, ADHD cannot be simply
treated with medication. ADHD medications only suppress the symptoms; they never
treat the underlying cause. It doesn't really matter if your son or daughter has the
Inattentive Type, the Hyperactive-Impulsive Type, or the Combined Type. What your
child needs is a holistic, natural treatment that will address his or her unique needs
and help him or her overcome ADHD completely and without the nasty side-effects
of medications.


About The Author

Dr. Yannick Pauli is an expert on natural approaches to ADHD and the author of the
popular self-help home-program
. He is Director of the Centre
Neurofit in Lausanne, Switzerland and has a passion taking care of children with
ADHD. Click on the link for more great information about
.
People often use the term ADD and
ADHD interchangeably and for those
who are not very familiar with the
disorder, the two terms can cause a
lot of confusion. But all you need to
know is that there is hardly any
difference between ADD and ADHD. In
fact, both names refer to the exact
same disorder!

To understand how this came about,
we need a brief lesson on the history
of ADHD, or attention deficit
hyperactive disorder. In the early
1980's, the American Psychiatric
Association came up with the term
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