body.


Function of Chromium:
Scientists are not yet certain of exactly how chromium functions in the body.  Dietary
chromium is safe, but is often confused with the unsafe industrial form of chromium
(hexavalent chromium or chromium VI).  Industrial chromium is toxic and is primarily
encountered through occupational exposure by either direct contact or through
inhalation of dust or aerosols.
   


Deficiency of Chromium:
Chromium deficiency can increase blood sugar, triglycerides (a type of fat), and
cholesterol levels.  It can also increase the risk for a number of conditions including
diabetes and heart disease. People who are more susceptible to chromium deficiency
include the elderly, people who indulge in strenuous exercise, pregnant women, those
who consume excessive amounts of sugary foods, and those who receive long-term
intravenous feeding without added chromium supplementation.
 



Toxicity (Chromium Overdose):
Taking very high doses of chromium can cause stomach irritation, itching, flushing,
irregular heart rhythms, and liver dysfunction.  It can also inhibit the effectiveness of
insulin.
  


Caution: Eating natural foods that are high in chromium is the safest and healthiest
way to get an adequate supply of the nutrient.  Due to risk of toxicity, individuals
should always consult with a knowledgeable health care provider before starting
doses of supplements.  Before giving supplements to children, it is recommended that
you first consult with their pediatrician.  Also, some supplements may interfere with
medications.  If you are taking medication, it is recommended that you consult with
your physician before taking any supplements.  All supplements should be kept in
childproof bottles and out of children's reach.


Chromium Food Chart (List of Foods High in Chromium):

Broccoli 1/2 cup - (11.0 mcg)
Grape juice 8 fl. ounces - (7.5 mcg)
Potatoes, mashed, 1 cup - (2.7 mcg)
Orange juice 8 fl. ounces - (2.2 mcg)
Beef 3 ounces - (2.0 mcg)
Turkey breast 3 ounces - (1.7 mcg)
Apple, w/ peel, 1 medium - (1.4 mcg)
Green beans 1/2 cup - (1.1 mcg)
Banana 1 medium - (1.0 mcg)


Sources:

American Dietetic Association: Complete Food And Nutrition Guide (2nd Edition)
Roberta Larson Duyff, MS, RD, FADA, CFCS

Vitamins, Minerals, Herbs and More
Pamela Wartian Smith, MD, MPH

University of Maryland Medical Center - umm.edu

Linus Pauling Institute - oregonstate.edu

Wikipedia The Free Encyclopedia
Eating foods that contain
sufficient amounts of chromium
can help to improve glucose
utilization and may have
beneficial effects on blood lipid
profiles.  Foods with sufficient
amounts of chromium include:
broccoli, green beans, potatoes,
grape juice, orange juice, apples,
and bananas.


What is Chromium?
Chromium, an essential mineral,
is found in very low
concentrations in the human
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